lal quila

Lal Qila

Dilli ka Lal Qila (Delhi’s Red Fort) is counted among the ‘best’ and ‘must see’ places in the capital city. Undoubtedly, the history associated with this magnificent structure exemplifies the royalty of the Mughals and honours the struggle against the British. Made of red sandstone, the Red Fort is spread over 250 acres and is high on architectural styling, particularly a blend of Indian, European and Persian architecture.

Key Attractions:
Lahore Gate: This is the main entrance gate.
Chatta Chowk: A covered bazaar (market) where you can get handicrafts and souvenirs.
Diwan-i-Aam: Hall of Public Audiences, which is ornamented with beautiful panels.
Diwan-i-Khas: This huge pillared hall is the Hall of Private Audience.
Moti Masjid: A small mosque with marble carvings
Hayat Bakhsh Bagh or “Life-Bestowing Garden”: Comprise of fountains, pavilions, tanks and a wide variety of flowers and trees.
Hammams or the Royal Baths: Built entirely in marble.
Zenana: Pavilions that served as women quarters.
Rang Mahal or the Palace of Colours: It is decorated with mirror-work and a gold and silver ceiling.
Light and Sound Show: It starts at 6 pm and showcases the main highlights of the Mughal History in both, English and Hindi.

The Red Fort-a massive red sandstone fort is synonymous with Delhi and is proof of the glory of the flourishing Mughal Empire in Delhi.

Commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1638 when he decided to shift the capital of the Mughal Empire from Agra to Delhi, the Red Fort took a total of ten years to be completed. The main gate to the Red Fort is the Lahore Gate and is also the site for the Prime Ministers speech every year on Independence Day. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Red Fort is spread over a rambling 254.67 acres and the walls alone are around 2.5 kilometres long with tallest structure of 33 meters. .

The Red Fort is octagonal in design and there are beautiful flower decorations and calligraphy on the walls, examples of later Mughal style architecture. At one point the Read Fort was surrounded by a deep moat, used to keep intruders out. The Red Fort contains the Diwan-e-Aam, the Diwan-e-Khas, the Moti Masjid and the Hayat Baksh Bagh among other interesting architectural elements.

In 1639, when Mughal ruler Shah Jahan transited his capital from Agra to Delhi, the construction of Red Fort was ordered by him in the north-eastern side of the newly founded city of Shahjahanabad. Shahjahanabad in present day is known as Old Delhi. The construction took nearly a decade to complete, and Yamuna water was used to feed the moat built all around the fort.

History of Red Fort Delhi reveals that numerous sections were built in the fort according the specific functions and needs in mind. “Deewan-e-Aam” is hall built for general public to interact with the emperor. It has a string of columns made of Gold with rail that would mark the boundary between people and the king. “Deewan-e-Khas is another hall made up of natural stones which was used for privately held meetings of the emperor. Many other such marvels of architecture are present in the fort like the “Hammams” or the bath places specially built for the royal family. “Shahi Burj” is another place where the emperor’s office was built and the emperor spent time working privately. “Rang Mahal” or the Palace of Colors was a special place built for the wives of the emperor. It has a huge pool spot with beautiful crafted ceiling, having gold covered towers and a number of mirrors in arrangement.

“Naqqar Khana” is a place in the Fort where the musicians would play music specific to the particular time of the day. This place is situated at the very entry to the palace and visitors to the Place would disembark from their ride (elephants) at this place.

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