Wheat
20
Aug

Top 10 Wheat Producing States in India

The scientific name for wheat is Triticum aestivum. It is said that wheat is the most important and strategic cereal crop for the majority of the world’s population. Nearly 2 billion people around the world considered wheat as the most important staple food. Wheat provides nearly 55% of the carbohydrates and 20% of the food calories consumed globally. It is cultivated over a wide range of climatic conditions and therefore understanding its genetics is of great value for plant breeding purposes. Poaceae is the family where the wheat actually belongs to and this includes major crop plants such as wheat, barley, rice, maize, and many others.

Wheat is grown in the majority of the agricultural lands than any other field crops worldwide. It is well-adapted with different kinds of the environment but it grows better at an intermediate temperature significantly. It is believed that wheat is originated in south-western Asia. Some of the earliest remains of the crop has been found in Syria and Turkey to a large extent widely. Bread wheat was grown in the Nile valley which dates back to the 5000 B.C. as well as in India and China. Therefore, wheat grain has been used as a vital component of their daily food by the people for thousands of years. Thus, today we have enlisted the top 10 largest wheat producing states in India in 2018 which significantly plays a vital role in each state largely.

1. UTTAR PRADESH

Wheat

When you are talking about rank 1 then Uttar Pradesh (U.P) is the topper of the Top 10 states in wheat production in India. If you are curious to know how much it contributes then more than 34% share of this state will be your answer. The state has huge sources of Irrigation as there are many rivers and tributaries contribute to the total wheat production of the state. Wheat is grown in more than 96 Lakh hectares out of 168 Lakh hectares of cultivated area.

Western Uttar Pradesh, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, and Northern Uttar Pradesh are the three main regions in Uttar Pradesh which contribute to such high outputs.

2. PUNJAB

Wheat

The state of Punjab has well-developed sources of irrigation and the central subsidy on Fertilisers and other Agricultural Inputs is the reason that Land of Five Rivers, Punjab is on the 2nd spot in the list of wheat producing states in the country.

Punjab has less area since it was divided during formation of Haryana. It has more than 40 Lakh hectares of land under cultivation and out of which, on more than 35 Lakh hectares, wheat is grown in.

The fertile land of Punjab is now exploited in a very wrong way and the over Irrigation and over usage of fertilisers and Pesticides are degrading it very badly. The farmers need to go organic and save the natural resources for future if they need to meet a great future for their upcoming generations.

Ludhiana, Faridkot, Sangrur, Amritsar, and Patiala are some districts in Punjab which are doing great in terms of overall production.

3. HARYANA

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The main occupation of most of the people in Haryana is agriculture. Whether it is wheat or Rice the state is always ready to give a bumper production every year. This state produces more than 116 Lakh Metric Tonnes of this main Rabi crop annually. Wheat is the main crop of this green state and the harsh truth about it is the state lacks natural forest and eco-parks as every year new area is added under cultivation. To meet new targets the farmers over-exploits the natural resources like other states. Some farmers are now opting for organic farming too but in terms of percentage, it is very less under consideration. Out of over 35 Lakh hectares of cultivated land wheat is cultivated in more than 25 Lakh hectares.

4. MADHYA PRADESH

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Madhya Pradesh is known for its best quality of “DESI” wheat crop. The location of the state is in the centre of India and is known as “Hindustaan Ka Dil” or “Heart of India”. M.P accounts for more than 8.5% of total wheat production in the country.The famous varieties of wheat which are cultivated here are Sharbati and Durum. Vidisha, Satna, Raisen, Sehore, Hoshangabad are the districts which are responsible for such high-quality production. In these districts, medium and deep soils are present which are considered as most suitable one for wheat cultivation.

It is the Sharbati wheat due to its great taste and softness which makes it popular for high production. M.P has the largest area in the country and Wheat is grown in more than 43 Lakh Hectares of land. The productivity of wheat in M.P is more than 1,700 Kg/Hectare.

5. RAJASTHAN

WheatRajasthan, the state of India which is known for its Royal culture and Ethnic heritage is ranking on the 5th spot in the list of top 10 largest wheat producing states of the Country. You will be surprised if you are not known to the fact that most of the land here is covered under sand and there are limited sources of irrigation.

The farmers of this state are very hardworking fellows and manage to grow Wheat in more than 24 Lakh Hectares of land in the region. The total production of this state accounts for more than 8% of the production in India.

The species of wheat are Triticum durum and Triticum aestivum, which are grown in Udaipur, Jaipur, Kota, Ganganagar, and Tonk district of Rajasthan. The farmers and their Agricultural techniques produce more than 72 Lakh Metric Tonnes of rabi crop and the productivity is more than 2,900 Kg/Hectare.

6. BIHAR

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Known for its economic backwardness, Bihar has done a great job in terms of agriculture. It now ranks 6th spot with the total Wheat production of 40.976 Lakh Metric Tonnes in the country. In terms of area under production, the state has more than 50 Lakh Hectares of land and out of which, the Rabi crop is cultivated in over 21 Lakh hectares. The state yields more than 1,900 Kg/Hectare and the famous districts are Nalanda, Bhojpur, Siwan, and Begusarai. These districts are well known for their output which accounts for the maximum share of wheat produced in the state.

7. GUJARAT

WheatThe state of Gujarat is doing great but the Geography of the state is the issue which adds up and the farmers are not happy with the outputs. In terms of percentage, it accounts for more than 4% of total production of the wheat in the country. Gujarat is known for its large area under wheat is grown and in actual numbers, it is just 12 Lakh hectares of land.

The type of wheat which is grown here is, Triticum aestivum which is grown in many districts of this state that include Mehsana, Rajkot, Kheda, and Bhavnagar. These districts are doing great in terms of productivity where the average productivity of Gujarat state is 3 Tonnes/Hectare.

8. MAHARASHTRA

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Ranking on the 8th spot of total wheat production, Maharashtra is not doing great as the industrial development and water shortage is ruining its agricultural output. The farmers of Maharashtra state are trying their best to meet their annual targets. A special variety of wheat known as Triticum dicoccum is cultivated here in the valleys of rivers like Krishna, isGodavari, and Tapi.

The area under cultivation is more than 20 Lakh hectares which are a bigger than Bihar but water shortage and Agricultural inputs are responsible for the total production of 23 Lakh Metric Tonnes wheat crop. The state authorities should consider these facts and implement necessary steps to bring the right changes.

9. UTTARAKHAND

WheatRanking 9th on the list, Uttarakhand join the league of leading producers of the wheat crop. The land here is mostly affected by natural calamity and the hilly terrain is not of much use when we are talking about wheat production. But still, the state has managed to grow more than 8 Lakh Metric Tonnes of Wheat crop. The hilly terrain and lowlands of this area when combined it will be calculated as 3.7 Lakh hectares of land contributes to the wheat production of his state.

10. WEST BENGAL

WheatLying in the position which is near to the Northeast this state has done great in terms of wheat production. But the total output is not much to compete with other states. According to the figures, the 10th position is occupied by this state as it was able to produce more than 8 Lakh Metric Tonnes of crop. If we check its area under wheat cultivation then it is more than 3 Lakh hectares of land. The productivity of this land is calculated as almost 2,700 Kg/Hectare.

We are posting the above data from the Internet and every year a variation can occur in the above statistics. The nation like India is known for population and its economic conditions and its farmers are trying their best to meet the regular demands of food grains for every resident of this nation. We proud to have them and appreciate their hard work. “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan”

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