Uttar Pradesh
06
Mar

Uttar Pradesh – State of India

Capital: Lucknow

Area: 2,40,928 sq km
Date of Formation: 15 Aug 1947 United Province: 26th January, 1950, Uttar Pradesh state (until 1956: Part (A)
Neighboring States: Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand. Country: Nepal.
Population: 199,581,477, Male Population: 104,596,415, Female Population: 94,985,062, Sex ratio: 908, Density: 828 sq, Decadal growth: 20,09%, Literacy of UP: 118, 423,805 (total 69.72%, male 79.24%, female 59.26%).
No of Districts: 76, Villages: 97.942: Towns: 704
Legislative Bodie: State Legislature-Bicameral: Assembly Seats: 403, Legislative Council-100, Parliament: Lok Sabha Seats: 80 (63+17+0), Rajya Sabha Seats:31
Main Political Parties: Samajwadi Party, BSP, BJP, INC, Rashtriya Lok Dal, Rashtriya Kranti Party, Apna Dal, CPI-M, Akhil Bharatiya Lok, Tantrik Congress, JD-U, Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha, Janata Party, Lok Jan Shakti Party, National Loktantrik Party, Samajeadi Janatha Party, (Rashtria),
Seat of High Court: Allahabad and a bench at Lucknow.
Chief Languages: Hindi and Urdu.
Major Religions: Hinduism, lslam.
Main Towns: Agra, Luknow, Varanasi, Gorakhpur, Allahabad, Kanpur, Moradabad, Aligarh, Saharnpur, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Noida, Raebareli, Etawah, Faizabad, Sarnat, Jhansi, Mathura.
Geography:
(a) Rivers: Ganga, Yamuna, Gomti, Ramganga, Betwa
(b) Mountains: Kaimur range, Lower hills of Shiwalik range.
(c) Plains: Gangetic Plain, Rohikhand Plain, Avadh Plain.
Economy: 
(a) Minerals: Limestone magnesite, coal, rock phosphate, dolomite, silicasand, pyrophylite
(b) Industries: Edible oils, paper, cement, aluminum, railway equipment, industrial chemicals, Handloom, etc.
(c) Agricultural Products: Wheat, rice, maize, barley, gram, sugarcane, potatoes, pulses and oilseeds.
Transport & Communications: 
(a) Road Length: 1,31969 km. NH-3794 km, SH-8449 km, District Rd-119726km
(b) Main Railway Stations: Lucknow (main junction), Varanaasi, Agra, Kanpur, Gorakhpur, Allahabadh, Moradabad, Tundla, Gonda, Mughalsarai, Faizbad, Bareilly, Jhansi and Sitapur
(c) Airports: Luckonw, Varanasi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Jhansi, Bareilly, Agra, Hindon (Ghasziabad), Gorakhpur, Sarsawa, Fursatgani (Raebareli),
Culture: 
(a) Dances: Kathak
(b) Festivals: Kumbh Mela Ardh Kumbh, Kartik Pooranmasi, Dewa Sharief (place of Waris Ail Shah- Barabanki)
(c) Fair: Jhoola fair-of dolls (Matura, Vrindavan Ayodhy (a) Bateswar cattle fair: (d) Crafts: silk saree and brocade (Banarasi silk), chikankari hand stiched design, zardosi work, metal-were, woodcarving, wood work inlaid with brassware on black sheesham, maebleware, glasswork, glaze pottery etc.

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